Coastal, Drought Tolerant, Low Maintenance, Foliage only. The finely pointed leaves of this fast growing large drought adapted shrub are boldly edged in cream with a deep green center. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Rhamnus alaternus. Rhamnus alaternus. Join now. Recommended citation 'Rhamnus alaternus' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Its upright columnar form makes it good for narrow planting areas like near walkways. Rhamnus alaternus is commonly used in reforestation programs in the Mediterranean, due to its fecundity and ability to survive in xeric environments (Gulias et al. Evergreen, often multistemmed, shrub or tree (<2-3m tall, occasionally <15 m) with hairy, angular, purplish shoots. Evergreen - ovate to oblong, leathery, glossy leaves to 7cm (3in) long.Height - 5m (16ft) The Italian buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus) may be used as a background plant, as a hedge or screen, as a topiary subject or patio tree, on slopes for erosion control, as a fire-retardant species and to attract wildlife. Management Information. The Plant List includes a further 108 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Rhamnus.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The main branches are erect to upsweeping, lined by virtual brushes of branchlets. org/ articles/ rhamnus/ rhamnus-alaternus/). Rhamnus alaternus is an evergreen dioecious tree that grows up to 10 metres in height. This is a vigorous evergreen shrub, easily trained as a small tree, growing 10-20 feet tall. • Background and Aims Rhamnus alaternus is a Mediterranean shrub commonly used in reforestation programs. Rhamnus alaternus ( Italian Buckthorn ) A fast growing, thornless, upright, open, evergreen shrub to small tree, native to the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions. RPMS status. It requires mostly sun in moderately moist soil and delivers a … The Italian buckthorn is native to the maquis of southern Europe. Family Rhamnaceae Name Status Synonym Get involved. Where is it originally from? What does it look like? Commonly used as effective screening or property lining. In late spring and early summer, small, fragrant, golden flowers are produced followed by glossy red berries in autumn. Grows in most soils in sun or partial shade. The Mediterranean buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus L.) is a shrub of the Rhamnaceae family. As a low care hedge, it is very useful in low water/poor soil situations. Rhamnus, evergreen buckthorn, Italian buckthorn. Rhamnus alaternus 'Argenteovariegata' (Italian buckthorn 'Argenteovariegata') will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 20-50 years. Rhamnus alaternus John Edwards is a fast-growing, vertical, broadleaf, evergreen shrub with attractive 1.5″ glossy green leaves. Brief Description Grazyna Paczkowska, Thursday 12 September 1996. This is a vigorous evergreen shrub, easily trained as a small tree, growing 10-20 feet tall. Its stout stems have dark brown, thick, furrowed bark when old, but on younger plants it is pale (often purplish) and thin. Rhamnus alaternus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Italian Buckthorn facts Name – Rhamnus alternus Family – Rhamnaceae Type – shrub Height – 10 to 16 feet (3 to 5 meters) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – ordinary Foliage – evergreen Flowering – March to May Planting Italian Buckthorn Plant in spring preferably. Prefers moderate watering but will tolerate drought once established. Rhamnus alaternus ‘Argenteovariegata’ is a variegated cultivar with silver-green leaves edged with cream. John Rawlings, ca. Statistics. Species range from micro-organisms and invertebrates to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants. It has glossy green, leathery, oval-shaped leaves that often have serrated or … Oval, dark green leaves with small black berries. It’s a great solution for a vertical evergreen screen that doesn’t require a lot of room at the base. Rhamnus alaternus Italian Buckthorn. Cultivation. Rhamnus alaternus. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. The Global Invasive Species Database contains invasive species information supplied by experts on biological invasion from around the world. 2004 - Global Invasive Species Database). You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Rhamnus alaternus has been described as a predominantly entomophilous species. The gender of Rhamnus is a matter for dispute. Aronne and Wilcock (1995) have reported that pollen availability limits fruit set in populations in southern Italy, although Guitián (1995) found this not to be the case in north‐western Spain. Systematics – From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, United Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Rhamnales Order, Rhamnaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Rhamnus and to the R. alaternus Species. Fl. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suggested uses. Evergreen shrub. It has often escaped from cultivation and, because of its ability to form dense stands that eventually exclude all other types of vegetation, has become an invasive tree … Search tags Shrubs and trees. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Accessed 2020-08-24. Rhamnus alaternus ‘Argenteovariegata’ isn’t reliably hardy so should not be planted in very cold, exposed locations.