Stressed syllables usually stand out because they have long, rather than short, vowels or because they have different pitch or are louder than other syllables. In the context of poetry, the shorter final stanza of a poem. • Analysis means identifying the important parts of a larger whole and be ing able to explain how those parts connect to and function within that whole. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through to see the original works with their full license. AP® ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2008 SCORING COMMENTARY Question 2 Overview Students were asked to read carefully an accessible excerpt from Anita Desai’s novel Fasting, Feasting (1999) and then, in a well-organized essay, to analyze how Desai uses such literary devices as … a line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after every stanza. Similar to literary devices. EXAMPLE: Animal Farm; Dante’s Inferno; Lord of the Flies ALLITERATION repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together. It is never a "fact. a very well known form of poetry consisting of fourteen lines written in iambic pentameter. Alliteration, metaphor, oxymoron, etc. allusion A reference in a work of literature to something outside the work, especially to a well-known historical or literary event, person, or work.. attitude A speaker’s, author’s, or character’s disposition toward or opinion of a subject.. devices of sound The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry. that helps to establish the theme and set the tone, of or related to the life of the author: e.g., The novel, "The Great Gatsby", real; physical; surface-level meaning--not figurative or metaphorical meaning, the deeper, secondary meaning, often metaphorical. AP English Literature and Composition is an introductory college-level literary analysis course. On … ë - : « ³ The following list of 37 terms, based on consulting both the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description and free-response material from past years, provides an important overview of the major AP Lang rhetorical devices and techniques you need to know. different types of forms that literature takes: novels; short stories; poems; plays; essays, etc. Allegory - … A lot of students wonder if there's a specific AP English reading list of books they should be reading to succeed on the AP Literature and Composition exam. Important literary terms frequently used on the AP Literature and Composition Exam. Be sure to review the Chief Reader Report (2019 versions available later this fall). The prominence/emphasis given to particular syllables. g a major idea expressed by a work of art. tragedy: a dramatic work that presents the downfall of a dignified character or characters who are involved in historically or socially significant events. an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot, (n.) a play filled with ridiculous or absurd happenings; broad or far-fetched humor; a ridiculous sham, A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor, Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character, Description in writing or speaking that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste). A form of deductive reasoning consisting of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion. Poetry that does not have a fixed metrical pattern nor a rhyme scheme. suspense: a feeling of growing tension and excitement. a literary device in which the writer, usually a poet, uses a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly very dissimilar objects. With all of this AP Language and Composition vocabulary at your disposal, you'll be a top-notch rhetorical analyst in no time!Each entry has a definition and example or further explanation. This device is used to help develop the main character by showing a contrast. The AP English Literature questions focus on literary devices, character, and theme while the AP English Language questions focus on rhetorical strategies and tone. L P Q ˜ ™ ž Ÿ ¡ Ú í ˜ ™ ¢ , S \ f | } Ì Í Ö õìäìäÖìÖÆÖäìäìäìäìäìäìäìÖìÖÆÖäìäìäìäìäìäìäìäìäìäìäìäìÖìÖÆÖä¹õ¹ìäìäìäÖìÖÆ hkŒ 5CJ aJ hkŒ hkŒ 0J B* CJ \aJ ph ÿ j hkŒ CJ U\aJ hkŒ CJ aJ hkŒ CJ \aJ hkŒ 5CJ \aJ I - 4 « y This device is different from a "soliloquy. AP Lit Terms Presentation: AP Vocab Presentation. Students were prompted to focus on the female character in the passage as she begins to come into a new stage of self-awareness and to analyze how the author uses literary devices to characterize her. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. AP English Literature and Composition 2020 Exam | Sample Question (literary terms) Here are the MLA guidelines you should follow when typing your submission: - Double-space text - Times New Roman or Arial font - 12 pt. The mechanical/structural arrangement of words in a sentence or piece of literature in general; elements include the length or brevity of sentences and the use of punctuation. ), famous event or figure, popular culture, etc. Study AP Lit & Comp-lit Terms Flashcards at ProProfs - literary terms list • Reading carefully means employing the techniques practiced during their Advanced Placement class and engaging with qualities, terms, and characteristics related to the study of poetry. a category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter. This is a more direct and preferred style of writing in most cases. AP Literature and Composition Literary Terms *These terms and definitions should be studied and well known by the second six weeks. (Remember, each iamb is a metrical "foot," so that makes five "feet" per line.) AP Language and Composition Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Devices ____________________________________. This action on the part of the character reveals much about what the character is thinking, feeling, or intending. a work of art that criticizes something that the artist/s think is wrong with their society, culture, human behavior, the world, etc. an introductory quote to a novel, play, poem, etc. A figure of speech (literary device) in which one word is substituted for a something else (usually a larger entity) with which it is closely associated. Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader, A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society; any story used to explain life phenomena. Active Voice - The subject of the sentence performs the action. a literary device whereby an author creates a character separate for the main character who is the opposite of that character in every way, physical as well as emotional/personality/intellect/values, etc. when meaning in a work of art is unclear; usually an artist intends this lack of clarity; anything that is unclear, of or related to beauty; aesthetic principles, not concrete; not tangible; of or related or existing only in the mind, to have two meanings (sometime more than that even), changing often; e.g. All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests, the actual dictionary definition of a word as opposed to what the word connotes (its connotation); what something means. to wonder off topic; in a literary context, the use of material unrelated to the subject of the work. Let's face it, this entire poem is an allusion, practically. For example, an iamb is a foot that has two syllables, one unstressed followed by one stressed. Free-response makes up 55% of your test score. AP Literature and Composition: Short Story Research Overview Search this Guide Search. When a writer bases a claim upon an isolated example or asserts that a claim is certain rather than probable. a long narrative poem; a poem that tells a story, usually about a hero, that reflects that values, beliefs, and culture of the society to which it belongs; epic poems were popular prior to the advent of plays and especially novels; The most well-known epic poems are those of the Greeks: The Odyssey and The Iliad. Novels and plays of this nature often do more to instruct the reader than to entertain him/her. Succeeding events inevitably lead to a disastrous conclusion, usually death. The AP® English Literature and Composition exam is divided into two sections: multiple choice and free response. In literature, it refers to the practice of associating two or more different senses in the same image. a verbal expression whereby words are arranged in a particular way to achieve a particular effect. Often times, it is the poet herself. A line of poetry that has six metrical feet. (grammar) to restrict or limit in meaning. Literary Terms page 1 A P LITERARY TERMS ALLEGORY story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities. alliteration (a-LIT-uh-RAY-shuhn): the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words (tongue twisters) allusion (a-LOO-zhuhn): a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature. Alliteration. a literary device used by authors to help develop characters, settings, and themes. trait: see HYPERLINK "" \l "character#character" characterization. tone: the writer’s attitude or feeling  about his or her subject. a metrical foot of two syllables, one long (stressed) and one short (unstressed). the stories of a community, passed through the generations by word of mouth. y À  \ ^ × U - m F { 1 ‹ Ô Ö " ¡ £ Ú ™ ) * ú ø ø ø ø ö ö ö ö ö ø ø ø ø ø ø ø ö ö ö ö ö ö ö ô ö ö ö $a$ * T ý † Ü J Ë Ÿ T V – ˆ à 0 þ … õ ÷ Z \ œ ž ‹  m o ý ó ó ó ó ó ó ó ý ý ý ý ó ó ó ó ó ó ó ý ý ý ý ý ý ý ý ý „@„˜þ^„@`„˜þ Ö × Ž ’ ä ñ R d Ó æ n • – ° Ö Ù # ˆ ¤ à ù 0 T þ …   õ ö ÷ P Q X Y Z [ \ r ž ª  • Ÿ   o | } Â Ã Ç È É Ê Ë Ô Y f ‘   ó þ a! Below are terms you will use voraciously both to analyze literary fiction and to answer discussion questions, seminar questions, writing prompts, and in … A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule. Usually involving animal characters. GOTHIC NOVEL an English genre of fiction popular in the 18th to early 19th centuries, characterized by an atmosphere of mystery and horror and having a pseudo medieval setting. A literary work which ends happily because the hero or heroine is able to overcome obstacles and get what he or she wants. In the word poetry, the accent (or stress) falls on the first syllable. Course Overview. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds"). Literary criticism analyzes, interprets, and evaluates works of literature. A theme is a thought or idea the author presents to the reader about life or human nature. E.g., Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Dr. There will be relatively few projects or activities. (related to poetry) a line with a pause at the end. It is interchangeable to the term "stress. ", A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. A metrical foot of three syllables, two short (or unstressed) followed by one long (or stressed), as in "seventeen" and "to the moon." €! The dove can be seen and peace cannot. synecdoche: a literary technique in which the whole is represented by naming one of its parts (genus named for species), or vice versa (species named for genus). Generally, a theme has to be extracted as the reader explores the passages of a work. Shakespeare's plays were written mostly in iambic pentameter, which is the most common type of meter in English poetry. ", A brief statement/inscription written on a tomb or gravestone, A struggle between a character and an outside force, such as man against nature, A struggle within a single character between opposing needs, desires, or emotions. ... AP Language & Composition Literary Terms. Voice can reveal much about the author or narrator’s personality. (grammar) a group of words containing a subject and its verb that may or may not be a complete sentence. The opposite is passive voice –. Sweeping generalizations occur when a writer asserts that a claim applies to all instances instead of some. style: how a writer says something; many elements contribute to style, including word choice, sentence length, tone and figurative language subplot: see HYPERLINK "" \l "plot#plot" plot summarizing: the process of briefly recounting the main ideas of a piece of writing in a person’s own words, while omitting unimportant details. While there's not an official College-Board AP reading list, there are books that will be more useful for you to … It is a literary device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series. Example: “You've got to come take a look at my new set of wheels.” The vehicle here is represented by its parts, or wheels. Rainbow (1915) and to write an essay analyzing how Lawrence employs literary devices to characterize the woman and capture her situation. A figure of speech/literary device in which words are not used in their literal (actual) sense but in a figurative (imaginative) sense. AP Literature and Composition Poetry Terms. situational: the context creates the irony (you would expect things to be one way but they are actually the other); verbal (sarcasm): when you say the opposite of what you mean; dramatic: when the audience/reader is aware of more than the characters are and, therefore, sees the irony in the situation. understatement: a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said; the opposite of hyperbole. In other cases, it is an invention of the poet's, a character very different from the poet. l "To err is human; to forgive, divine.". The iamb is the reverse of the trochee. In this section, you will write three essays regarding prompts from poetry, a selected passage, and a work of literary fiction you select. ! A remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play. & Comp. The author utilizes the characters, plot, and other literary devices to assist the reader in this endeavor. ‰! For example, in the expression "The pen is mightier than the sword," the word "pen" is used for the written word/writing and "sword" is used for military power. 5 These essays respond to the assigned task with a plausible reading of Gascoigne’s use of devices such as form, diction, and imagery to convey the speaker’s complex attitude, but they tend to be superficial in their analysis of the attitude and of the devices. A line having no pause or end punctuation but having uninterrupted grammatical meaning continuing into the next line. We will read, discuss, and write about literature. command of the elements of effective composition than do essays scored a 6. alliteration (a-LIT-uh-RAY-shuhn): the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words (tongue twisters) allusion (a-LOO-zhuhn): a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature. voice: an author or narrator’s distinctive style or manner of expression. The analysis of a poem's meter and metrical patterns. “Anthony drove while Toni searched for the house.”. an indirect reference to a work of art (novel, play, poem, song, movie, etc. a wildly imaginative metaphorical comparison. A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love, or something in nature like a star or the moon. ½" 2# 4# ¬# Å# œ$ ž$ x% z% è% ê% -&. third person point of view: see HYPERLINK "" \l "pointofview#pointofview" point of view. A narrative handed down from the past, containing historical elements and usually supernatural elements. A brief story that focuses on a particular incident or event in a person's life that is told to help illustrate a point he or she is trying to make. tall tale: a humorously exaggerated story about impossible events. which the writer usually tries to illustrate by comparing it metaphorically to a known, concrete object. Most exciting moment of the story; turning point. symbolism: using something specific to stand for something else, especially an idea. to understate what you are describing for dramatic effect, usually saying the opposite of what you really mean. Heidegger’s Experiment” can be interpreted as an allegory with each of the characters representing an abstract quality---for The repetition of the same initial consonants of words or of stressed syllables in any … For example, a dove may represent peace. the character or other thing (like weather, nature, or even the character's own mental problems) that struggles against and causes conflict with the protagonist, the series of events that make up a story--the "storyline", the people, animals, or even inanimate objects that make up the characters of a story, the part of the story that creates drama by establishing a conflict of some kind, a character that is not very well developed, a character that is put in a story to occupy a familiar role but is not very well developed, your sense of "right" and "wrong" in the way of how you treat people and live your life, a short story that is meant to teach a moral lesson. In so doing, the main character's traits are amplified. Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. You will be asked to analyze excerpts from a diverse range of literary texts including prose fiction, drama, or poetry. Two or more syllables that together make up the smallest division of rhythm in a poem. 64 terms. In the context of poetry, "accent" is the emphasis given to a particular syllable or word. The ability to recognize a theme is important because it allows the reader to understand part of the author’s purpose in writing the book. A selection of terms for discussing poetry can be found below, and also on a downloadable PDF here: English Poetry Terms: ENGLISH POETRY TERMS Accent - The prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word. the arrangement of content within a work of literature; the relationship of the parts of a literary work to its whole; the logical order and make up of a literary work (the "literary work" could be a poem, novel, short story, essay, play, etc. A poem of mourning, usually about someone who has died. AP Lang Terms. A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line. In this invaluable resource, the chief reader of the AP Exam compiles feedback from members of the AP Reading leadership to As we approach AP® exam time, you’ll want to explore how to best prepare yourself for the AP® English Literature free-response section of the exam. Lines that end with a period, comma, colon, semicolon, exclamation point, or question mark are end-stopped lines. Any work with these qualities is said to be allegorical. However, both tests include comprehension questions and require you to be able to read … One's listener or readership or audience attending a play; those to whom a speech or piece of writing is addressed. AP Lit/Comp Lit Terms List 1 1. abstract – unable to be touched; not concrete 2. abstraction - a concept or value that can not be seen (love, honor, courage, death, etc.) … The events in a tragic plot are set in motion by a decision that is often an error in judgment. the expression of a writer's unique personality through his/her writing. Understatement is usually used for a humorous effect. the basic components of a story, such as setting, character, plot, conflict, and theme. A line of poetry that consists of four metrical feet. a metrical foot of two syllables, one short (unstressed) and one long (stressed). the repetition of words or phrases that have similar grammatical structures. A line of poetry that has five metrical feet. This is usually done by marking the stressed and unstressed syllables in each line, then breaking those lines into metrical "feet," then determining which kind of a metrical foot is in the line. unreliable narrator: see HYPERLINK "" \l "narrative#narrative" narrative   urban legend: a contemporary story that is told in many rumored versions that have little basis in fact. are all examples of this. Saturday Night Live is a great example of a very satirical show. any of several possible vantage points/perspectives from which a story is told: 1st Person; 2nd Person; 3rd Person. a metrical foot of three syllables, an accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables. Â Ë \ ] ^ i × á õ ù ú I J S T U Z - 9 m v F M { Ž / 0 1 @ ‹ ‘ Ö à å æ " . a figure of speech in which words and phrases with opposite meaning are balanced against each other for stylistic effect. Also the town name of "Hollywood" is used to describe the movie industry in general. m fry_cydney. • The intended thesis only restates the prompt. Literary Devices: Literature (Short Stories/Novels) AP Literature & Composition Types of Fiction Allegory A story in which people, objects, and events stand for abstract qualities. AP Literature and Composition 2013-2014 Saturday, April 5, 2014. The devices and techniques used in effective or persuasive language. The devices used in effective or persuasive language. The work of art could be a novel, short story, poem, song, movie, painting, etc. the writer of a book or other form of text. Though you most often find criticism in the form of an essay, in-depth book reviews may also be considered criticism Start studying AP Lit. story mapping: a visual organizer that helps a reader understand a work of literature by tracking setting, characters, events and conflicts. For example: symbolism; imagery; diction; metaphors; character foil; parallel structure; repetition, etc. Literary Terms Master List. œ! A comparison of two different things that are similar in some way. A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions, like "love," "truth," "evil," or "Justice." (Updated) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. The AP English Literature and Composition Exam has consistent question types, weighting, and scoring guidelines every year, so you and your students know what to expect on exam day. AP Literature and Composition: Short Story Research: Overview. a humorous, rhyming, five-line poem with a specific meter and rhyme scheme, A Japanese form of poetry having three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables; traditionally with a topic concerning nature or the seasons. An account of the personal experiences of an author during a particular time and in a particular place; not exactly an "autobiography" which would cover one's entire life. BUT is comedic in nature, meaning funny and humorous. Å" ×" 4# A# ª# òêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáòáòÑòêáêáêáêáêòáòÑòêáòáòÑòêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáêáê hkŒ 0J B* CJ \aJ ph ÿ hkŒ CJ \aJ hkŒ CJ aJ j hkŒ CJ U\aJ Ro É Ë W Y  ‘ ñ ó I! a poem that depicts rural life in a romanticized fashion, peaceful and ideal. ó a contradictory statement that is nonetheless true; in other words, a statement that doesn't sound true but actually it is. ", a summation of the events that make up a story, to restate something in other words, so not an exact quote. f The multiple choice section is broken into five chunks equipped with 8-13 questions each, totaling 55 questions. Further, any writing that is not "prose" Here is a more technical definition: as in a poem, this is the voice of the person or thing "speaking" the poem. Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition (or AP English Literature and Composition, AP Lit and Comp, Senior AP English, AP Lit, or AP English IV) is a course and examination offered by the College Board as part of the Advanced Placement Program.When AP exams were first implemented, English Language and English Literature were initially combined. The Glossary of Literary Terms for the AP English Literature and Composition Test Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. ë View Test Prep - Literary terms list from ENGLISH 11 at Bolingbrook High School. A narrative device, often used at the beginning of a work that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances. Rhyme that occurs within a line rather than at its end. An indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant, comically or repulsively ugly or distorted, Special words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group and are difficult for others to understand, A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear together: "Jumbo Shrimp", (n.) a short narrative (story) designed to teach a moral or spiritual lesson, A long speech expressing the thoughts and feelings of a character alone on stage (as in a play). Sometimes this … An anapest has three syllables, two unstressed followed by one stressed. A symbol is a person, place, object or action that for something beyond itself. a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa. Something that is simultaneously itself and yet representative of something else. Allegory: Extending a metaphor so that objects, persons, and actions in a text are equated with … A concise but ingenious, witty, and thoughtful statement, often written in verse (poetry). AP English Literature Scoring Rubric, Free-Response Question 1-3 | SG 1 Scoring Rubric for Question 1: Poetry Analysis 6 points Reporting Category Scoring Criteria Row A Thesis (0-1 points) 7.B 0 points For any of the following: • There is no defensible thesis. A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character, differences; also a literary and/or aesthetic device used to amplify differences. The city name of "Washington" is used to refer to the U.S. government. the literary form of the "play" like Shakespeare wrote, example. A type of meter in poetry in which there are five iambs to a line. Students cultivate their understanding of literature through reading and analyzing texts as they explore concepts like character, setting, structure, perspective, figurative language, and literary analysis in the context of literary works. 92 terms. AP Literature Literary Terms allegory: a story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea about life; allegories often have a strong lesson. literary terms. There are two major types: The Shakespearean and The Italian/Petrachan, A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas. song-like; to have a kind of musical quality, especially as it concerns poetry. A list of literary terms and definitions for APL&C. Poetry written without rhyme but with meter, usually iambic pentameter. ... Field uses literary devices such as allusion, irony, and satire to demonstrate the demise of a mythological hero into the mundane and modern world. Ú! Ò! fourteen line stanza: sonnet   static character: see HYPERLINK "" \l "character#character" character stereotype: a broad generalization or an oversimplified view that disregards individual differences. ), the characteristic manner of expression of an author. (grammar) The noun to which a later pronoun refers. Scoring Calculator: ... Second semester we will delve into significant literary works from around the world. theme: a common thread or repeated idea that is incorporated throughout a literary work. kitschroder. There will also be a consistent range of difficulty in the reading passages across … most people by the time they reach middle age (as opposed to young people who are growing up); certain characters in novels, a literary device in which one thing is described by means of something else. The vantage/perspective from which a story is told in which the narrator can know, see, and report whatever he or she chooses. The anapest is the reverse of the dactyl. someone who writes plays, like Shakespeare for example; also known as a "dramatist", one of the major literary forms that consists of a fictional story structured by chapters, like it sounds, a short, fictional, story--again, one of the major literary forms, an idea/insight one has about a particular subject or context; always something that is debatable. The author often intertwines the theme throughout the work, and the full impact is slowly realized as the reader processes the text. Writers create suspense by raising questions in readers’ minds about what might happen. Elizabeth Bishop: “In the Waiting Room” The Poem. The narrator is free to describe the thoughts of any of the characters, to skip about in time or place, or to speak directly to the reader.