This seems to corroborate the use of naphtha as a basic ingredient of Greek fire. The sulfur and pitch make it burn hotter and stickier. If I were to "modernize" Greek fire I'd substitute sodium metal for the lime and … What Was Greek Fire? Greek Fire is a weapon used by the gods and demigods, and is described by most demigods as being "one of the most dangerous magical substances in the world." It could devastate a fleet or a troop of soldiers. Greek Fire for the Byzantines granted a huge tactical superiority against all their seaborne foes for quite a while. Greek fire was a flaming liquid. The most famous and strategically important use of Greek fire took place in 672AD. Greek Fire is believed to have been created in the seventh century (673 AD) by a Syrian engineer named Kallinikos (or Callinicus). In it he placed a chunk of Christ's cross to rescue the faith, classic writings to again shape Western thought, and the mysterious Shake/mix well, light, and catapult or trebuchet. Its formula was a jealously guarded secret until the fall of the Empire in 1453. Fire in religion and philosophy. If you are defoliating to win a war you got problems. An alternate name for Greek fire was "Median fire", and the 6th-century historian Procopius, records that crude oil, which was called naphtha by the Persians, was known to the Greeks as "Median oil". Greek Fire helped protect the besieged Byzantine Empire for many centuries. Eventually, the Byzantine Empire itself was lost. The sacred fires and fire drills of religious rituals and the numerous fire-gods of world mythology must be interpreted as additional evidence of both the antiquity and the importance of fire in human history. Incredibly, the formula for true Greek Fire appears to have been lost. It was almost the equivalent of the nuclear option for sea. In the ancient Vedic scriptures, Agni, or Fire, is the messenger between the people and their gods and the personification of the sacrificial fire. When launched against an enemy’s ships, it set them on fire with an intense flame that was extremely difficult to quench. The naphtha increases the flammability of the Greek fire and may contribute to its auto-ignition on contact with water. With an initial burn to cause panic. Greek Fire Recipe: fine grained raw potassium (or lithium) metal powder suspended in oils (olive oil + lamp oil). Napalm on the other hand did not change much in the Vietnam war, and still is of dubious use. In narratology and comparative mythology, the hero's journey, or the monomyth, is the common template of stories that involve a hero who goes on an adventure, is victorious in a decisive crisis, and comes home changed or transformed.. The weapon was first used by the Byzantine Navy, and the most common method of deployment was to emit the formula through a large bronze tube onto enemy ships.